The Story- Street

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If one was to put himself in the shoes of a street children the prime concerns would be where will I sleep tonight? Will I get any food today? How long will I sleep and fight hunger? How long do I have to sniff dendrite?

All of us complain about the street children pestering and harassing us for money and food. They are also violent that they hit people if money or food is not given to them. Perhaps it is quite wrong for us to expect such kids to have any sense of social etiquette since they have nobody to look after them or take care of them.

They usually do not have a permanent place to sleep. Many of them sleep in the streets or on pavements near shops and malls, while others prefer sleeping at bus terminals, railways platforms, under bridges. The children living on the street are time and again at risk of their life. Their fundamental rights are being frequently violated

These are children who live in poor and marginalized communities. Typically are pressurized by their community or family to work and help earn a living. If their family does not understand the importance of education and does not encourage their children to stay in school, these children are to drop out. Due to the experience of family problems, such as domestic abuse, they run away from home and live on the streets with other children they know. They are still in hope to get back to their place and get admitted to schools. On the other side, the Street children are unwillingly bound to live in dangerous and unhealthy living environments and that resulting untreated illnesses and frequent injuries that entail. Lack of adequate emotional support, food, shelter and safe places to sleep.

Social and economic factors appeared to be primary in pushing children onto the streets. Poverty, disability (mostly blindness) and death of parent(s) appeared to be the key factors resulting in families’ inability to look after their children properly. Death of parents resulting in orphan-hood, and poverty, has created a vacuum in child-care responsibilities by removing and/or incapacitating those with duties to provide for children’s basic needs.

Every Child is blessing Every child needs special concern and attention as a basic right to all children and the street children are no  way an exception. The Convention of the rights of child has received almost widespread ratification. However, despite this international show of assurance towards children some factions of children are still at danger and weak.

While the Convention on Right of Child has added numbers of the essential child related practices within the member states. In contradiction, in relation to the street child, states are falling short of their legal obligations under child law and human right law. There is a need therefore to emphasis the legal obligations of the CRC and Children Act to serve the basic interests of the child as a principal concern.

Post Contributed by: Riya Basnet

Originally Posted @ link

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“Justice or Just ICE”

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Justice OR’ Just Ice

Violence covers an entire array of exploitation, discrimination, the unequal social structure where man is placed on the summit. This structure has created an atmosphere of fright and these are very well backed up by the social realities. Women have typically been seen as the fragile gender. Financial and economic dependence on the husband and the family has a colossal role to play. To the degree that, Nepali context is concerned, women are expected to be exemplary wives and mothers and are likely to hold family jointly. If they have matrimonial problems and husband tortures them they are encouraged by their parents, friends and relatives in one or another way to make their marriage work and  stay inside their wedded setup so far as doable or else if they are being taunt or harassed by any guy then they are asked to zip and lock their mouth up so as not to create a picture .The only reason for this is the social stigma coupled with it, the very observable fact in every corner of Nepal ranging from city area to the remote.

There are number of instances on women being harshly tortured in fact we come across every day headlines about women being raped, alleged being practicing witchcraft and are by force made to eat shit  and the rampantly going domestic violence.

The cultural setup, economic realities, physical inferiority as such has made women undergo these sorts of circumstances where they feel like they have no direct control over the sphere of their lives.  The tortured and stigmatized women become so demoralized and dishonored by the fact that they cannot predict or control the sadism that they waterlogged into the state of mental illness. Additionally, these psychological impacts and the social leeches make it more complicated for those victimized women to stay in the society that they have grown-up in. Due the very fear of social stigma they go on living in such set-ups and smolder themselves down this further instigates the perpetrators of violence.

Despite many years of activism and feminist movement condemning violence against women the lives of large number of women in the remote places rest on soreness and suffering. Violence still is growing in concealed ways chiefly in countryside areas where women they fear to come forth and speak against it.

Cases filed in courts provide cataclysmic stories of how the society they live in has become the burning chair of unvarying torment and nastiness. There are numbers of laws and institutions for the protection of women rights but these institutions seems to be weakening out in context of orienting the real hurt. While even law has not been successfully enough in providing justice in terms of remedying the actual pain women goes through. Yes penal sanction undoubtedly lessens crimes in the society and also somehow prevents people committing crimes but yet the question concerns about thinking beyond punishing the perpetrator as the only means to provide justice, rather the true justice is achieved by re-affirming the victimized women within the society once more with dignity and respect .The new-fangled crusade today should be for healing the abrasion of the maltreated women.

Post Contributed by: Riya Basnet

Originally Posted @ link

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Welfare State : A myth now

They talk about welfare state but all I see is an old woman begging on the street, the exploited child, the child dying for lack of food in its belly, the city full of cries, no job and no house. That man out there who sketch, he is a cartoonist and he thinks he is pretty good at it. But no matter how good he is, he believes his cartoons will never take the place of food or money. He wishes he could draw plenty of food or a fist full of thousand rupees, and perform some magic trick and make it real. But he can’t do that. Nobody can do that, not even the hungriest magician in the world. And yet thousands of our neighbors go to bed hungry. It may be our schoolmate who is undernourished and has difficulty learning on an empty stomach or it could be a co-worker, a working father whose low-wage job doesn’t make ends meet.

People are habitually being raided of their rights, of their freedom, of their dignity, of their futures. The culprits? My generation, the leaders or our forerunner? They revive poverty in every election and promise to cure it. They’ve now made a vocation of it. They thrive on failures, on righting the wrongs, on aiding victims, and so forth. No matter how many programs are set up and working, their schema never claim victory for them. Our current government-run welfare system is pricey to taxpayers as they are getting no facilities in return and cruel to the children born into a cycle of welfare dependency and hopelessness.

For decades now we have sought to solve the problems of unemployment through government planning, and the more the plans fail, the more the planners plan. Well, now if government and welfare state had the answer – and they’ve had many years of it – shouldn’t we expect government to keep a tally to us once in a while? Shouldn’t they be telling us about the decline each year in the number of people needing help? And the reduction in the welfare activities?

I cannot take on to lay my finger on those articles of the Constitution which has granted ample of rights to the people but many of them are not functional. We don’t have right to job; we don’t have rights to medical care or right to education. What we have is a right to life. That’s what we have. How can we survive when the basics to life is not guaranteed to us? How will we work out our right to life in such dejected settings? It is now the time to recognize that welfare system has to be reformed. A new approach to fighting poverty and the misery should be fetched being based on opportunities, work, and individual responsibility. There should be Welfare before the Welfare state.

Post Contributed by: Riya Basnet

Charter Team Member : Students For Liberty

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Ethnic Agendas : Do They Worth ?

Harmony has a long history in Nepal. It had been worth saying Buddha was born in Nepal. The truth though cannot be changed, the disturbance in harmony not only among the political parties but among people regarding federalization actually does not suit to the people of the birth place of Lord Buddha.
The talk now is about the Ethnic Agendas : Partition and nomenclature of the federal states on basis of “Race”. I never understand, how many states will be required to suffice the demand, 8, 10, 15, 100 or still more. To the mixed populated country like Nepal, is it possible to divide states on basis of ethnicity ? My answer is No. There can never be a distinct border in that context. Each ethnic state however we try will always be overlapping and rise of more and more demand of states, if an ethnic gets a state then why not the other? Its a never ending target for country like Nepal.
I always wonder, why Ethnic states ? Will the state give special facilities to the ethnic? If the answer is “Yes”, the first question is “Is it possible?”, lets forget about it, the second question “What happens to the rest?” “Will the rest people agree giving certain distinction to some people by ethnicity and constraining them (other ethnicity) in their own Nation?” Don’t ever anybody think, its just giving rise to a etnic war. Or do they envision to let people shift to their respective states, I just feel it humorous. How could a sensible person of this century even think about that? Everybody knows the consequence of trying to draw a border between India and Pakistan on basis of religion. Trying to divide Nepal on basis of ethnicity is no different. Are we fools?
So, will the state give special facilities to the ethnic group? I say No. If so, what’s the motive? Why Ethnic Agendas, and Ethnic federalism for? An identification? What sort of identification? Is the ethnic division and nomenclature the only way for identification of the ethnic group. Is there no alternative? There is of course, various ways.
Even if there were no alternatives, did the identification of some ethnics worth failure of “Constitution Assembly I”? “Elongation of transition phase of nation?” “Linger the country in fast growing international competition?” The nation can never develop where people compete and fight among each other for dividing and/or naming a state on basis of ethnicity, race, religion, language, costume etc. It continues ever with a hatred and ends never without extinction of the other, which means war: blood. The only solution is ending the competition of those ethnicity, race, religion, language or custom. History and the experience of the world is the proof of it.

If the agendas of ethnic federalization persists, there no doubt “Constitution Assembly II” will also fail. And if it succeeds, it wont be the end of the transition phase of nation, it will be the beginning of hatred among the ethnic groups, an ethnic war.
“Does division and nomenclature of federal states on basis of ethnicity (Ethnic Agendas) worth all that has happened and will happen?”
Cannot we imagine of the free societies, where the constitution is not designed to benefit this or that person or group, and respect the rights of every citizen regardless of ethnicity, race, religion, language, color, gender, family or other accidental feature.

Post Contributed by : Anuj Niroula

Charter Team Member : Students For Liberty

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Has Nepal Become Free ?

The blog post is contributed by Anuj Niroula.

Charter Team Member, Students For Liberty

After the blood of numerous martyrs, Nepal got Prajatantra (Democracy) in 1950 from a century long autocratic Rana rezyme. Nepal first saw a dawn of democracy and the parliamentary government under the multi-party system for some years which was later followed by Panchayat System (1960) and Improved Panchayat System (1979). After “Jana Andolan” on November 9, 1990, Multi party democratic system was reinstalled and New Democratic Constitution of the Kingdom was promulgated. More freedom could be felt by Nepali people. The Royal Takeover in February 1,2005 and again “April Revolution ( Jana Andolan II)” in April 2006, resulted to the election of Constitutional Assembly” and made us the citizens of “Democratic Republic of Nepal“.

We have a long chain of revolutionary movements for the freedom. Now the question is “Has Nepal Become Free?” “Have We become Free?”. Or we need still some more revolutions for so?

Politicians failed to form the Constitution. Beurocrats are given the responsibility for “Constitutional Assembly Election – II“. People are losing hopes and politicians are losing faith from their followers. People changed. Systems changed. Most importantly time has left us long behind. Let us suppose, the forthcoming election goes well, constitution gets formed, federation issues (which was supposed to be the main cause of the failure in the formation of Constitution just behind) get resolved, eventhough I have a question on my head.  Still, “Can we expect a person can run his business without paying percentage to goons? ” “Can we expect a person can easily pay his tax without brives?” “Can we expect a person can walk on the street late night freely?”

If so, “How Has Nepal Become Free?” “How is Nepal a Democratic country?” Democracy is still far away. Freedom is still far away. Somewhere invisible. To live in a free country, in a free society, we have a long journey ahead.

Students For Liberty – Nepal is the beginning of the Journey.

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