Tag Archives: government

Academic Freedom in Nepal

Academic freedom, the freedom of teachers and students to teach, study, and pursue knowledge and research without unreasonable interference or restriction from law, institutional regulations, or public pressure. Its basic elements include the freedom of teachers to inquire into any subject that evokes their intellectual concern; to present their findings to their students, colleagues, and others; to publish their data and conclusions without control or censorship; and to teach in the manner they consider professionally appropriate. For students, the basic elements include the freedom to study subjects that concern them and to form conclusions for themselves and express their opinions (Encyclopaedia, Britannica).

af1 Banner: Let us Study.

To talk about academic freedom, i remember a teacher punishing a student in answering a question in different words arrangement as was written by the teacher. I was 10 at the time, when I took the issue to the principle to have the right to answer the question in my own words. I was heard. However, this is not a single point where teacher compel students to memorize their words and try to jail the students in the name of discipline.

The talk to academic freedom in Nepal should be started from the access to school, reaching to school, choosing academics and taking class while the world is talking about the international freedom of academics. Academic Freedom is a far talk in Nepal where there is no basics of academic freedom i.e. freedom of choice in academics. Reports illustrate no formal restriction in Nepal. However, I come to the point there is also no formal academic freedom in Nepal. Government has felt necessity to announce no strike to Dairy Vehicles, but not the academic institution vehicles.

It is however pitiful when the academic institutions, students and teachers themselves go for strike for months disturbing the study schedules and schedules of exam as well. Many of the times a 4 year course takes 6 years to complete because of the strikes and several postponing of the exam schedules. Tribhuvan University is the university where one should always reconfirm if there is strike or not, before having a visit.

No legal restriction in academia does not mean we have no restriction. Social restriction have become more prominent to the context of freedom of choice in academics as well as freedom to study in academic institutions. Academic Institutions are open but the tutor cannot reach the college because of strike. Students cannot reach their college because of strike. Students reach to exam center and notice that the exam has post-pond.

So are we having academic freedom in Nepal?

By Anuj Niroula

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Well IF Not Now Then When ??

“I believe the Youth are our future Teach them well and let them lead the way” And I’m ‘up’ with the youth of today, Time to change the Nepal. Nepal is a country which has been ranked by United Nations under the least developed nation which the GNI 1260 US$. A country with GNI per capita at $2,500 to 4,999 falls under the low income group, whereas a country less than $2,500 fall under the very low income group and so does Nepal comes under the same category.

GNI per capita is a good first step toward understanding the country’s economic strengths and needs, as well as the general standard of living entertained by the citizens. But the general standard of living enjoyed by the average Nepali citizen is way too low; most of the Nepalese family goes to bed empty stomach. The Living standard of Nepalese has been worsening over the years. Nepal is a country where unemployment rates are too high and subsequently accompanied by illiteracy. There are numbers of small scale firms and industries in Biratnagar which have been shut down from years and long. The Cement factory in Chobbar is one of the pertinent examples for it. As mentioned by Samriddhi Foundation these independent business sectors almost never grow in Nepal; they never get a chance to expand to become medium or large-sized operations. And what are the preventing factors for it?? Why are they lagging behind?

A new firm in Nepal is always scared to enter into the market because of the policies made by the government al agencies, too much red tape for entrepreneurs trying to sprint a firm, the process to get the company registered is very slow and there are even instances of taking a whole year and the tendency of under table dealings. Well, another top most reason is the margin of tax charged; the firms they go pay taxes every of the month and all the get in return is the increased tax rates and the liability to pay the tax.

Government participation /( interference) in the economy  of Nepal was very strong, beginning with the Rana period, which lasted from the mid-nineteenth century until the mid-twentieth century. During Rana rule, there were very few industries other than cottage type, and they were under strict government supervision. After the fall of the Ranas in 1950-51, economic planning as an approach to development was discussed. Finally, in 1956 the First Five-Year Plan (1956-61) was announce, but the plans didn’t go well for example: approximately 1,450 kilometers of highways were targeted for construction, only about 565 kilometers were built and the 2nd 5year plan, third 5years plan and 4th and 5th and 6th and 7th the planning kept on going and more the planner plans, more the plans started falling apart. The government continually tumbles to use all committed foreign aids. Still they are guided by the same old Governments participation or (intervention) modality.

Well, if a poor nation like us invests the budgets more in education and does not destroy the incentives for its citizens to acquire ideas from the rest of the world, it can rapidly take advantage of the publicly available part of the worldwide stock of knowledge. If, in addition, it offers incentives for privately held ideas to be put to use within its borders—for example, by protecting foreign patents, copyrights, and licenses; by permitting direct investment by foreign firms; by protecting property rights; and by avoiding heavy regulation and high marginal tax rates—That will attract more investors and the firms to come into action and its citizens can soon work in state of the art productive activities.

I am up to advocate on these very issues.

In Liberty!!

Post by: Riya Basnet

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Reservation : A Discrimination by government

Nepalese government has been discriminating its people from years on basis of ethnicity and gender being most dominant. Classifying citizens on basis of gender and ethnicity and giving special attention the group clearly reflects that the government believes that specified group of people are inferior than the remaining. Nepalese government provides reservation classifying people on basis of gender (female), ethnicity, physical deformity, and many other categories.

I had one senior sister, who strongly was against the reservation system. Providing 33 % reservation seat to female clearly indicates a sympathy to female. In her view if government believes in equal equity in male and female then, government either should distribute the access on 1:1 ratio if not everybody should be left for equal competition. In her words “Government is saying females you are weak physically and intellectually than males, so we are providing you some reservation. Some girls may be weak and some may be more captive then males, attitude of government is just the thinking of paternal society.” She was not wrong, she competed fairly and was recruited as a government officer leaving behind many males.

My personal view regarding the ethnic reservation is completely bogus. Who are receiving the reservation in past many years? How much of real needy have received reservation? The matter of fact is many of those who are receiving reservations have lived prosperous life then many others who do not fall on the category of reservation list. Is it fair that by getting born in some family get special attention by government then others. Even the royal family now have sifted to Nagarjuna Durbar and the chief of the country now is not by bloodline until when will this continue.

I do not argue against the reservation to people with physical deformity or handicaps. But discrimination of other citizens by the government cannot be justified. There has always been discrimination as we go digging within each. The child with reservation listed father and reservation unlisted mother are reserved, while the child born with reservation listed mother and reservation unlisted father does not get reservation. Another discrimination between male and female. For eg: the child of Rai father and brahmin mother gets reservation and why not the child of Rai mother and brahmin father?

In fact, reservation system is carried out just as a political tactics. In long term it is deforming the nation. Weak candidates get better opportunities. We must think if the weak candidate was not reserved then the place would have more captive candidate and more efficient result would have been obtained in the field. This is how the country is not going in the development pace as it should have been. Secondarily, reservation system is making the candidates lazy by giving them easy achievable target. The competition is reduced by a great proportion and promoting less effort to them than others. This obviously result is less competitiveness of the people in reservation list and more competitive to the remaining. Lesser is the competition, lesser will be the effort and lesser will be the achievement.

It we have to cut down the tree, its useless cutting down the branches one by one. If we need to cut down the tree we should we should cut it down from the root. How much the branches are cut, the target is never achieved unless we cut the tree by its root. Reservation system is just like cutting the branches, to show public that they are doing something. Government fears if the problem is handled, they won’t get further work to do. But its a mistake, there will always be something task left for the government to do.

If the country believes some group of people needs special reservation then why not work to end. Why not plan to make them competitive. Why not work on the way that will end the requirement of reservation i.e. a discrimination ?

Government should not discriminate its citizens.

Post contributed by: Anuj Niroula

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